Publication ethics

Publication ethics and malpractice statement

This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Publication decision and publisher’s duties
The publication of the results of scientific research is a complex process that requires all those involved (journal director, scientific committee, editorial committee, reviewers, authors) to be rigorous and accurate.
The journal is committed to enforcing and defending the norms of ethical behaviour at all stages of the process by adopting and promoting the standards indicated by COPE in the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.
Below is a summary of our commitment and what we ask to members of the various editorial bodies, reviewers and authors of articles.
In addition, the publisher promotes and controls the use of peer review as a method of article selection, promotes the independence of research, condemns copyright infringement and plagiarism, requires and promotes original contributions based on rigorous data, undertaking to publish corrections of any errors in published articles.

Duties of the editorial bodies
The journal’s management guarantees the correctness of the systems used to evaluate, accept or reject the articles submitted by the authors. In particular, it monitors the double-blind peer review process, i.e. the mutual anonymity of reviewers and authors with respect to the specific article under review; it also avoids any conflict of interest, discrimination on the basis of gender, sexual or religious orientation, political beliefs, or geographical origin.
Moreover, if serious errors, situations of conflict of interest or cases of plagiarism are found in a published article, it prepares an erratum or proceeds to withdraw the manuscript.
The editor-in-chief exercises the necessary control over the content of the periodical he is directing to prevent offences from being committed in the publication.
The editorial board is guided by the editorial policies of the journal and is bound to comply with the provisions of the law in force on defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism.
The editorial board is required not to disclose any information on the manuscripts sent except to the authors themselves or to those who have been previously authorized.
Unpublished material contained in manuscripts submitted to the journal may not be used by members of the editorial board for their own research without the written consent of the author.

Duties of the reviewers
The reviewer assists the journal’s management in the process of evaluating the articles on time.
The review must be conducted objectively and with clear and documented arguments.
The reviewer should not accept manuscripts in which he or she has a conflict of interest arising from a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship with authors, companies, or entities related in any way to the subject matter of the manuscript.
The reviewer’s task is to identify the presence of bibliographic material relevant to the work to be evaluated but not mentioned, and to indicate to the authors any improvements useful for the publication of the contents.
The articles examined for evaluation should be treated as confidential documents. They should not be shown or discussed with anyone not previously authorized by the editorial board.

Duties of the authors
The author guarantees that the article being evaluated is original, unpublished and not submitted at the same time to other journals, and must accept the procedures for selecting articles and in particular the peer review process.
If the article is accepted, the author recognizes the publisher’s right to publication. The author commits to declare, at the same time as sending the contribution for evaluation, any possible conflict of interest that may have influenced the content of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for any projects whose data the article uses must be indicated.
The author is obliged to cite correctly the sources of the contents reported and obtain the necessary authorizations for the publication of images, tables or other contents already published according to the provisions of the law on copyright. Fraudulent or willful misrepresentation constitutes unethical behaviour and is unacceptable.
The author guarantees the truthfulness of the data presented in the work and the objectivity of his interpretations. The relevant data must be accurately and in detail reported in order to allow others to replicate the investigation.
All those who actually participated in the drafting of the text, having seen and approved the final version of the text and who agree with the publication, must be included in the manuscript and must appear as authors.
If there are other individuals who have made substantial contributions relating to relevant parts of the article, they should be recognized and listed as contributors.
If the author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in the published manuscript, he must promptly notify the editorial board and provide the appropriate corrigendum.

Copyright and permissions
The journal allows the author to hold the copyright and to retain publishing rights without restrictions.

The journal’s products are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The user is free to:

  • Share — Copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format;
  • Adapt — Remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially;

under the following terms:

  • Attribution — The user must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.
  • Share Alike — If s/he remixes, transforms, or builds upon the material, the user must distribute the journal’s contributions under the same license as the original.

Moreover, the user cannot impose any additional restriction: s/he may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Conflict of interest
A conflict of interest may exist when an author (or her/his institution), a reviewer or a member of the editorial staff has personal or financial reports that may inappropriately influence their behaviour. Such a conflict may exist even if the individual believes that such relationships do not affect him or her. It is the journal’s management’s responsibility to manage any conflicts of interest as effectively as possible and the authors may be required to make a declaration to that effect.